New Jersey Employee Rights During Mergers & Acquisitions

The business landscape never stays static for long. Not only do new companies form every month, but existing companies often merge or acquire other ones. Employees might find that they work for a new company overnight.

Unfortunately, employees could have their rights trampled during a merger or acquisition, so they need to be on guard. Below, our New Jersey employment lawyer looks at some of the key areas of conflict.

Discrimination in Layoffs & Other Employment Actions

Often, employees are laid off after a merger because there is significant overlap between the two companies. Any termination, however, could possibly be motivated by discrimination. The same is true of any negative employment action, such as reduction in pay or denial of promotion. The state’s Law Against Discrimination protects against many types of discrimination that might come into play during, on, or after a merger:

  • The new company generally cannot consider any existing worker’s protected characteristics when taking any employment actions post-merger or acquisition, including but not limited to, layoffs, furloughs, demotions, promotions, reassignments, etc. These protected characteristics include race, creed, color, national origin, ancestry, age, marital status, civil union status, domestic partnership status, affectional or sexual orientation, genetic information, pregnancy or breastfeeding, sex, gender identity or expression, disability or atypical hereditary cellular or blood trait of any individual, nationality or military service.
  • The new company cannot require existing employees to submit to a genetic test or make available the results of a genetic test.
  • Pay discrimination. It is illegal for employers to pay workers of a protected class less than workers who are not in the protected class for substantially similar work, when viewed as a composite of skill, effort and responsibility. The new company will have to audit its pay practices to comport with this legal requirement after the merger or acquisition.
  • Failure to accommodate disability discrimination. The new company should continue any prior reasonable accommodations granted to an existing worker or, at the very least, re-engage in the interactive process.
  • Remember, the new company may come in with new anti-discrimination and anti-retaliation policies and procedures that do not align with the pre-merger or acquisition policies. Familiarize yourself with those policies so you are cognizant of how the new employer handles employee complaints and investigations.

As a common example, the newly formed business might lay off all employees over age 60 and offer superficial reasons. Affected employees should meet with an attorney to review their rights.

Fortunately, the right to be free of discrimination is created by law, not contract. This means a worker is protected regardless of how their new employer chooses to honor their employment contract.


If you are laid off, you might be entitled to severance. However, the newly-formed company might argue that the old company’s severance policy is null and void or, if you had an employment contract with the old employer, that your old contract is no longer in effect because of the merger. Consequently, a right to severance could be up in the air.

Contractual Agreements

If you are one of the few employees in New Jersey that has an employment contract, your contract probably has many agreements in it, such as:

  • Non-compete clauses, which might limit an employee’s ability to work for a competitor after leaving employment.
  • Non-solicitation clauses, preventing an employee from soliciting the company’s clients after leaving.
  • Non-disclosure agreements, or NDAs, which limit what information an employee can use or disclose to another after leaving.
  • Arbitration agreements that require resolution of disputes outside of court.

There is always a question as to whether these contractual agreements continue in full force after a merger. The counterparty might no longer exist after the merger, and the new company might have different terms or conditions they use in their contracts.

Policy Changes

Other company policies could change around discipline, employee reimbursement, telecommuting, and time off. Employees might have been relying on these policies, only to see them disappear after the merger. You may have an argument these policies created contractual rights that should continue through the merger.

Learn More About Employee Rights During Mergers in New Jersey

If your company is merging or being acquired, you should protect the rights that you have under law and may have under your employment contract. Often, companies use this opportunity to tear up employment contracts, depriving their employees of compensation and certain protections. Contact Sattiraju & Tharney, LLP today to discuss whether you have legal options.